What you need to know before buying a wristwatch?

If you’re in the market for a new wristwatch, it’s important to consider your lifestyle and needs before making a purchase. A wristwatch is a timepiece typically worn around the wrist and has been in use for centuries. When most people think of wristwatches, their functionality is often the first thing that comes to mind. They come in a variety of shapes, sizes, and materials. Wristwatches have served a diverse range of purposes over time, but nowadays, they are primarily used as fashion accessories or for keeping track of time.

Wristwatch Movements

Wristwatch Movements

There is a variety of wristwatch movements available on the market, including mechanical watches, quartz watches, smartwatches, and hybrids. Mechanical wristwatches employ gears and springs to keep time, whereas quartz watches utilize a battery-powered quartz crystal oscillator. Smartwatches are wristwatches that incorporate features like fitness tracking and notifications, while hybrids are watches that combine elements from two or more of these technologies.

Mechanical watches

Mechanical wristwatches are powered by a mainspring, which stores energy. An average mechanical watch typically has a power reserve of 38 to 80 hours. This mainspring propels the watch and can be wound manually by turning the crown on the side of the watch or automatically through the rotor located behind the case’s back.

Mechanical wristwatches are often esteemed for their style, prestige, and elegance, often making them more expensive than other types. These watches are also generally considered more reliable, yet they demand regular maintenance to ensure proper functioning.

Though cherished for their craftsmanship and design, mechanical movements historically lagged in accuracy compared to other types of watches. This discrepancy stems from the intricate moving components that regulate time, which are susceptible to wear and tear. Consequently, maintaining accuracy often necessitates frequent servicing using specialized tools. However, recent strides in watchmaking technology have led to more precise mechanical movements. Some brands now offer chronometers—highly accurate timepieces—with a precision of +/- 1 second per day. While still not as accurate as quartz or atomic watches, this represents a significant improvement. As a result, mechanical wristwatches have become a viable choice for those valuing both precision and style.


Automatic or self-winding watches are powered by the movement of your wrist as you wear them. A component known as a rotor winds the mainspring of the wristwatch automatically. This mainspring then supplies the necessary power to keep the watch running.


Hand-wound watches require manual winding every day or two, depending on the watch’s power reserve. Hand-winding establishes a direct connection with your wristwatch and can serve as a meditative activity. Some automatic watches can also be wound by hand if needed, especially when their power reserve is low, to initiate operation before wearing.


A tourbillon serves as a mechanical feature within wristwatch movements, devised to counteract the influence of gravity. Patented by Swiss watchmaker Abraham-Louis Breguet in 1801, this innovation endures in high-end timepieces to this day. The tourbillon entails a rotating cage encompassing the watch’s balance wheel and escapement. With the cage’s rotation, the balance wheel encounters varying gravitational forces, effectively averaging out any gravitational-induced inaccuracies. This characteristic renders tourbillons exceptionally precise timekeepers, with their intricate construction celebrated as a pinnacle of horological engineering mastery. Presently, tourbillons continue to command reverence from collectors and experts, often representing the apex of watchmaking accomplishment.

Quartz watches

Quartz movements are powered by a battery and represent the most common type of wristwatch, often characterized by their affordability. These movements are celebrated for their accuracy and longevity, demanding minimal maintenance.

Quartz wristwatches rely on a “quartz crystal oscillator” movement to regulate time. This mechanism boasts exceptional accuracy and retains its precision over extended periods without necessitating frequent servicing. Consequently, quartz wristwatches are an excellent choice for individuals seeking a dependable timekeeping solution with minimal upkeep demands.

Solar-powered wristwatches

Solar-powered wristwatches have gained popularity among those seeking an environmentally conscious and stylish timepiece. These watches derive their energy from a solar cell, which effectively converts both natural and artificial light into electrical power. Typically positioned beneath the watch’s glass face, the solar panel comprises one or multiple photovoltaic cells. When exposed to light, these cells produce electrical energy, which is then stored in a battery or capacitor.

Solar-powered watches offer several advantages compared to traditional battery-driven counterparts. Notably, they are eco-friendly, operating without reliance on chemicals or pollutants for power generation. Furthermore, solar watches require minimal maintenance, as their solar cells necessitate no routine cleaning or replacement.


Smartwatches are wristwatches integrated with technology that enables them to connect to the internet and interact with other devices, extending their capabilities beyond mere timekeeping. These watches typically feature a touchscreen display and offer a diverse range of functions. They allow users to check the time, track stock prices, read emails, make phone calls, and even control other smart devices within their homes.

In contrast to traditional electronic watches employing quartz crystals for timekeeping, smartwatches utilize an array of sensors and processors to calculate time. Consequently, smartwatches generally exhibit greater accuracy than mechanical watches, yet they fall short of the precision achieved by quartz wristwatches.

Hybrid watches

A hybrid watch is a unique timepiece that amalgamates elements from mechanical, quartz, and/or smartwatch mechanisms. Although the term “hybrid watch” is a recent addition, the idea of merging different technologies within a single timekeeping device is not novel. Noteworthy historical instances of hybrid watches encompass the Seiko TV Watch of 1982, fusing an analog watch with a miniature black-and-white television, and the Casio C-80 Watch of 1980, which showcased a basic digital calculator.

Combination of the mechanical watch and quartz watch

Hybrid watches fall under the category of quartz watches that circumvent the need for frequent battery replacements. This is made possible by incorporating a small electrical generator within the watch. This internal generator harnesses the kinetic movement of the wearer’s wrist to generate electricity. The generated power is then stored in a rechargeable battery, which requires less frequent replacement compared to the conventional cell battery found in traditional quartz watches.

Combination of the quartz watch and smartwatch sensors

In recent years, this particular style of hybrid watch has garnered increasing attention. This hybrid watch category effectively merges the most advantageous aspects of both quartz watches and smartwatches. Distinguishing itself from a pure quartz watch, it incorporates many of the same functionalities found in smartwatches, encompassing fitness tracking and notifications. However, unlike smartwatches, hybrid watches offer the advantage of infrequent charging, retaining their role as traditional timepieces whenever needed. These watches maintain a level of accuracy akin to that of quartz timepieces.

Hybrid watches are engineered to offer heightened accuracy when compared to mechanical watches, and their construction reduces the likelihood of breakdowns or malfunctions. Moreover, their battery life tends to be notably longer than that of standard quartz watches, enhancing their reliability as timekeeping devices. These attributes collectively establish hybrid watches as an ideal option for individuals seeking a combination of durability and accuracy in their timepiece choice.

Wristwatch Dial

Wristwatch dial

The dial serves as the face of a wristwatch, displaying the time in divisions of hours, minutes, and seconds. Additionally, it might present supplementary details like the day of the week, month, or year. Diverse dial designs are accessible on the market, encompassing traditional dials, skeleton dials, and digital dials.


Traditional dials constitute the prevailing type of wristwatch dial. Characteristically round or oval in shape, they incorporate a set of indexes and/or numerals—either Arabic or Roman—to denote the time. The use of numerals on traditional dials is prevalent as they facilitate quick and effortless time reading.


Skeleton dials are crafted to unveil the intricate mechanisms within a watch. Generally featuring a transparent or translucent case, they offer a view of the inner workings, including the movement of gears and other mechanisms. This feature appeals to watch enthusiasts who relish observing the intricate mechanics behind timekeeping.


Digital dials present time in a digital format instead of using physical watch hands. These dials are predominantly featured on sports watches and specialized wristwatches. Notably, digital dials tend to offer heightened accuracy compared to traditional ones since they eliminate the need for human interpretation when reading the time.

Wristwatch Case

Wristwatch case

A watch’s case size is conventionally measured in millimeters, and its thickness is also a crucial consideration. Thinner cases offer greater comfort and are less likely to snag on clothing.

Regarding materials, watch cases can be crafted from a diverse range of substances, including stainless steel, titanium, bronze, plastic, carbon, rubber, aluminum, and even precious metals like gold and silver. Some cases are coated with specialized finishes like PVD or DLC to enhance durability and scratch resistance. Ultimately, the ideal case material and size hinge on the wearer’s individual preferences.

Wristwatch Glass

Wristwatch Glass

Today, watch glasses predominantly fall into three categories: sapphire, mineral, and acrylic. Each material comes with its own set of advantages and limitations, underscoring the significance of selecting the most suitable one based on your requirements.

Sapphire crystal

Among the three materials, sapphire crystal stands out as the most resistant to scratches, rendering it a preferred choice for those seeking a robust timepiece. Additionally, its higher clarity makes it a common feature in luxury watches. Despite these advantages, sapphire crystal is the costliest option, prompting many wristwatches to opt for mineral crystals instead.

Mineral glass

In contrast to sapphire, mineral glass offers lower scratch resistance, although it remains a budget-friendly alternative while still affording sufficient dial protection. Moreover, mineral crystals are simpler to manufacture, which contributes to their prevalence in mass-produced wristwatches.

Acrylic glass

Acrylic glass ranks as the least scratch-resistant among the trio, yet it boasts affordability, making it a common choice for budget watches. Therefore, when deliberating on a watch glass, it’s crucial to factor in your requirements and budget to identify the optimal choice.

Wristwatch Strap

Wristwatch straps

Wristwatch straps offer a range of material options, such as leather, metal, nylon, and silicone. They’re usually secured to the watch case using spring bars or pins and can be swapped out when necessary.


Leather straps stand as a timeless selection for wristwatches, elevating both casual and formal ensembles. Nonetheless, leather straps are less robust compared to alternatives like metal or nylon. Additionally, leather is susceptible to gradual wear, potentially reducing its longevity. Opting for a leather strap entails proper care to extend its lifespan. Regular cleaning and conditioning are advisable to maintain the leather’s suppleness, preventing dryness and cracks.


Metal wristwatch straps, often referred to as bracelets, hold immense appeal among watch enthusiasts. These straps are predominantly crafted from stainless steel or titanium, ensuring remarkable strength and durability. Additionally, metal straps exude a sense of sophistication, setting them apart from other strap varieties. As a consequence, they often resonate as the ideal option for individuals seeking a watch that makes a bold statement.

If you’re considering a metal wristwatch strap, several factors warrant consideration. Firstly, the choice of metal is pivotal. Stainless steel boasts robustness and exceptional resistance to corrosion, whereas titanium offers even greater strength and a lighter feel, albeit possibly at a higher cost. Secondly, ponder over the bracelet style that resonates with you. The market offers a multitude of metal bracelet designs, so investing time in exploring options is advisable before arriving at your final decision.


Nylon wristwatch straps are exceptionally well-suited for dynamic lifestyles. Notably lightweight, flexible, and moisture-wicking, they emerge as an excellent choice during workouts or various activities. Moreover, nylon straps offer affordability, presenting a cost-effective option in contrast to other materials.


Silicone wristwatch straps stand as a recent addition to the strap variety. Composed of supple silicone rubber, they offer exceptional comfort during wear. Moreover, these straps exhibit resistance to both water and sweat, rendering them a prime choice for rugged settings or physical exertion.

Wristwatch water resistance

Water resistance

Amidst the myriad wristwatches available, many boast “water-resistant” labels, but what exactly does that entail? Generally, water-resistant watches indicate their capability to prevent water infiltration under typical conditions. For instance, such a watch should endure exposure to rain or incidental contact with water, like when washing hands. Nonetheless, water resistance isn’t a permanent attribute; it can decline over time due to variables such as aging, wear, exposure to chemicals, and wear and tear. Thus, regular scrutiny of your watch’s water resistance and seeking service from a qualified watchmaker when needed are imperative.

Dive watches

Watches tailored for demanding environments, such as diving watches, necessitate substantially elevated levels of water resistance. These watches must endure prolonged submersion without leakage or compromised accuracy. Dive watches commonly carry water resistance ratings of 200 meters or beyond, and certain models can even achieve depths of up to 1000 meters. If you seek a watch capable of complementing your active lifestyle, it’s prudent to meticulously inspect the water resistance rating prior to making your purchase.

Which is the perfect wristwatch for your lifestyle?

Which is the perfect wristwatch for your lifestyle

Smartwatches entered the scene in 2014 and have rapidly surged in popularity, largely due to the increasing array of applications available for them and the expanding number of companies producing them.

Although smartwatches offer diverse advantages, they also carry certain drawbacks. The most prevalent concern pertains to their abbreviated battery life. Most smartwatches only sustain a day or two on a single charge, which can be irksome for regular users and raise concerns about long-term reliability. Moreover, many individuals find them less functional unless tethered to a smartphone. Without proximity to a smartphone, the full spectrum of a smartwatch’s features cannot be maximized.

When selecting a wristwatch, reflecting on your lifestyle and requirements is pivotal. If you seek a timepiece exceeding basic timekeeping, a smartwatch might align with your needs. It’s essential to note, however, that they entail certain limitations and might not suit everyone. The appropriateness of a smartwatch hinges on your distinctive preferences and necessities.

Alternatively, if durability and precision are paramount, a quartz wristwatch could be the ideal match. While not as opulent or costly as other watch types, quartz wristwatches maintain their appeal across various demographics. They offer diverse styles, colors, and sizes, rendering them versatile for any occasion.

Active lifestyle

For an active lifestyle, a sporty quartz watch with a resilient band and a water-resistant case would be a suitable choice. Alternatively, if you’re always on the move, a watch with a digital dial for easy reading in any lighting condition could be advantageous.

If you seek a timepiece that merges fitness tracking, notifications, and a classic watch appearance, a hybrid—a fusion of traditional quartz watches and smart technologies—might be the optimal solution. Hybrids generally integrate many smartwatch features while bypassing the need for frequent charging, and they can function as traditional timepieces too. As a result, hybrids offer the best of both worlds, gaining traction among consumers desiring smartwatch convenience without compromising the timeless elegance of a traditional watch.

Classical style

If your quest is for a wristwatch that exudes style and elegance with a penchant for classical aesthetics, a mechanical wristwatch might be your perfect match. Mechanical watches seamlessly align with individuals who treasure the artistry of watchmaking and relish glimpses into the intricate mechanisms within their timepieces. Moreover, they stand as an apt choice for those seeking lasting durability.

Mechanical wristwatches prioritize craftsmanship over pinpoint accuracy, which sets them apart from their counterparts. This aspect, combined with their traditional allure, makes them particularly appealing to individuals who gravitate toward classic and refined styles. It’s important to note, however, that mechanical watches entail more upkeep compared to other watch types, and they often carry a higher price tag.

Casual lifestyle

For a laid-back lifestyle, your watch should offer comfort and easy daily operation. Opt for a leather strap or stainless steel bracelet for a relaxed look and comfortable wear. When it comes to functions, decide between an analog or digital display. If you lead an active lifestyle, features like a stopwatch (chronograph) or fitness tracker might be beneficial. Ultimately, the perfect casual watch is the one that aligns with your requirements and complements your personal style.

The bottom line

Wristwatches encompass a vast array of styles and dimensions, underscoring the significance of choosing one that harmonizes with your appearance while meeting your distinct requirements. During the selection process, both visual and utilitarian aspects should be contemplated. Reflect on your typical activities and the desired aesthetic before reaching a conclusion. With a plethora of options available, rest assured that the ideal wristwatch tailored to your needs awaits discovery!

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